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Candidates for NWT seat clash in capital Green Party candidate John Moore left held his ground against three seasoned speakers at a forum in Yel- lowknife. He may have even been the audience-favourite. See page 2. Fort Smith legend passes tragically William Mercredi was found dead outdoors in Fort Smith lastweek.Thechampionboxer was remembered as a friend to anyone. See page 12. A BETTER HEAD START Would universal child care make a difference in your life See page 10. Yellowknife youth shelter covers more of the spectrum With the addition of 10 transi- tional housing spaces Hopes Haven is closing the gap on youth homelessness. See page 10. Parsing the battle for northern Alberta More than a dozen candidates are running for northern Alberta seats including the new Peace River-Westlock riding. See page 3. V IS IT W W W .N O R J.C A A national award winning independent newspaper serving northern Alberta and the Northwest Territories since 1977 1.00 October 13 2015 Vol. 39 No. 24 PhotoCraigGilbert By DALI CARMICHAEL Six municipalities in the NWT are hosting elections this year ve of which have contests for the may- ors seat. The Journal reached out to these communities to see what issues the would-be mayors are ad- dressing in their platforms. FORT SMITH Brad Brake After one term in office Fort Smithsincumbentmayorisntready to relinquish his position just yet. I still feel that I can move our community forward to better and greater things and as such I am run- ning to continue the good works that this council has started he said. In a second term Brake said he would prioritize improving the the towns aging in-ground infrastruc- ture as well as the chipsealing of Highway 5. The Town had a 60-per-cent in- crease in development permits last year and our economy is vibrant and healthy and is doing better than many other northern towns who are affected by economic downturns Brake said. I think that this was in no small part due to the actions of councils leadership. Workingtowardscommunitywell- ness both mentally and physically is another item at the top of his list. I am further committed to es- tablishing the town leadership to take control of its role as leaders in our community through the es- tablishment of a wellness working group and a working group to lead appropriate parties in lobbying the GNWT to establish a Centre for Arts Excellence in the town of Fort Smith. Brad also stated he was commit- ted to increasing transparency and accountability for council. Lynn Napier-Buckley Lynn Napier-Buckley has held the position of town councillor for one term and is ready to take on the challenges posed over the last three years. I love Fort Smith she said. I want to be able to do more for the community through our municipal- ity. Our town needs a mayor that will be a strong leader in commu- nity partnerships. We can do more to work with local governments businesses and organizations in the areas of wellness community capacity building and tourism. The mayor is responsible for providing leadership and direction to council. It is my belief that the mayor should also listen to council and listen to the people. A healthy community starts with addressing social issues according to this candidate. Developing fur- ther community wellness initia- tives garnering more support for LGBTQ youth and adults improv- ing access for seniors and persons with disabilities and establishing better child protective services are all important to Napier-Buckley. Economic development within the town is another priority for Na- pier-Buckley. She indicated that she would like to improve a sustainable local economy for Fort Smith by in- stituting local business and shop local policies training staff and working toward new capital plan- ning projects including landslide stabilization initiatives. As mayor I will continue to work to make decisions based on what is fair and balanced and on what will benet us as a whole Napier- Buckley said. FORT SIMPSON Darlene Sibbeston Darlene Sibbestons platform in her race for mayor is all about trans- parency and inclusion. Im concerned about whats happening in council she said. It seems unfair that people can just make decisions without much consultation. Currently Sibbeston noted items like budgets and meeting minutes are slow to be posted online if they are at all. Having those documents easily accessible to the public is one of the strate- gies she has to reach out to her constituents. See Elections on page 8. Six municipalities head to the polls Candidates for mayor share their vision for the next three years Fort Smith Fire Department Captain Jami Short demonstrates what happens when you try to put out a grease re with water at an open house Oct. 10 wrapping up the towns Fire Prevention Week activities which included a practice day open to the public and drills at local schools. 2 Tuesday October 13 2015 NEWS BRIEFS Three critical after ingesting noxious substance Three people were own to hospital in critical condition afteringesting anoxious substance inTuktoyaktuk.Two adult males were brought to the local health centre one unconscious and the other appearing intoxicated but their conditionquicklyworsenedsotheyweresenttoEdmonton for further treatment. The RCMP traced the noxious sub- stance believed to have contained ethylene glycol back to a bootlegger. Anyone with information about this incident is asked to call the RCMP at 867-977-1111. Tuktoyaktuk man arrested in online child luring extortion case A 35-year-old man from Tuktoyaktuk has been arrested in connection with an online child luring case. Charges of luringandextortionarependingforthemanafterasearch warrant was executed at a residence in the NWT hamlet. It was the result of an investigation launched in March. At least ve other victims have been identied all ap- proached by an unknown prole through social media according to the RCMP who said the investigation is on- going. The suspect was released on a promise to appear in court at a later date. Man runs in cuffs after jail dope bust The RCMP service dog in Yellowknife saw some action last weekwhena20year-oldtriedtoescapepolicecustodywhile still in handcuffs. On Oct. 6 the man was caught allegedly smuggling contraband into the North Slave Correctional Centre NSCC. At about 5 p.m. ofcers arrested a man on NSCCpropertyandfoundaquantityofmarijuanaandto- bacco. While handcuffed and in police custody the sus- pect ed from police in an attempt to escape the RCMP reported. Charges are pending for possession for the pur- poseoftrafckingobstructionandescapelawfulcustody. Please leave a message at 872-5543 for details. WESCLEAN NORTHERN SALES LTD. Ph 867 875-5100 Fax 867 875-5155 Avalon Cat Hair - long Size - medium Gender - female Avalon is a very loving and beautiful cat. She is spayed and is up-to-date with all her shots.If you think you have a home for a Avalon please call the shelter at 872-5543. Please leave a message at 872-5543 for details. WESCLEAN NORTHERN SALES LTD. Ph 867 875-5100 Fax 867 875-5155 E-mail web Avalon Cat Hair - long Size - medium Gender - female Avalon is a very loving and beautiful cat. She is spayed and is up-to-date with all her shots.If you think you have a home for a Avalon please call the shelter at 872-5543. Please leave a message at 872-5543 for details. WESCLEAN NORTHERN SALES LTD. Ph 867 875-5100 Fax 867 875-5155 E-mail web Avalon Cat Hair - long Size - medium Gender - female Avalon is a very loving and beautiful cat. She is spayed and is up-to-date with all her shots.If you think you have a home for a Avalon please call the shelter at 872-5543. SpayedNeutered Up-to-datewithroutineshots House trained TriciaFemaleBaby Calico Looking for a new home Tricia is very well-behaved and loves to be cuddled. Shes only a baby and she needs somebody to love her and take care of her. But you can adopt her and love her. Yay A happy ending 867 872 - 3000 ext. 26 effective stylish advertising call Your business in print ELECTION PLATFORM A. Maintain a healthy safe and active community Interagency Group-Mayors Office takes lead in ensuring community benefits from this group and the existing work plan Fittest Northern Community-provide necessary policyresources toward realizing of this enviable goal Insure increased and stronger bylaw enforcement Plan resource and increase Fire Smart initiatives B. Foster a strong cohesive community spirit Support and promote the benefits of co hosting the 2018 Winter Games- highlight our strong volunteering culture and infrastructure legacy possibilities Expanded role for the current Library Advisory Board C. Promote sustainable environmental and energy planning Continue updateimplementation of our Community Energy Plan Advocate to address Slide Zone issues Plan and resource development of Riverside Park rededication of Conibear Park Continue Tourism and Economic Development initiatives ON OCTOBER 19 RE-ELECT RON HOLTORF TO FORT SMITH TOWN COUNCIL By DALI CARMICHAEL The race to become the ter- ritorys federal representative heated up last week with two forum discussions hosted in the capital. On Oct. 7 candidates gath- ered at the Northern United Place NUP where a full house watched NDP candi- date Dennis Bevington Lib- eral Michael McLeod and Green John Moore present their platforms on social issues. Notably absent from the forum was Conservative Floyd Roland who tweeted that he was out knocking on doors during the event. A representative from host Alternatives North said that Roland had been invited to participate in the forum but never responded. ThefollowingeveningOct. 8 residents from across the territory sent in their ques- tions to all four candidates at aforumhostedbyCBCNorth. John Moore Green Party Both evenings Moore said he was not beholden to any party whip and would be able to vote freely on is- sues important to the NWT without having to toe a party line. He announced his com- mitment to nation-to-nation dialogue between the govern- ment and Indigenous groups of the territory and said he would work to re-establish the 2005 Kelowna accord while respecting the UN Declaration on the Rights of Indigenous Peoples and the 94 recommendations of the Truth and Reconciliation Commission. Moore said the Greens would adapt a two-cent-per- kWhsubsidyforgreenenergy. In terms of food security Moore said he was talking to people a ready to invest in northern agriculture about bringing food production closer to the table. His real standout moment came when it was time to give closing statements at the CBC forum and he let an audience member read out a question regarding the National En- ergy Board and fracking reg- ulations in the NWT forcing a nal round of answers from each candidate. Hisclosingstatementswere memorable as well. If you care about ab- original rights and not liv- ing in poverty vote me in as MP and denitely dont vote Conservative. Ill commit to the North regardless of who forms government. Dennis Bevington NDP Bevington built his argu- mentsoffofthepartysNorth- ern platform unveiled earlier in the week on Oct. 6. The main points included adding anadditional50communities to the Nutrition North food program ensuring that the Northern residents tax de- duction rises to keep pace with needs by indexing it to the rate of ination invest- ing an additional 200 mil- lion in northern transporta- tion infrastructure working to settle land claims with In- digenous groups and devel- oping projects to protect the environment while improv- ing the territorys economy. An NDP government he said would ensure the rights of Indigenous people are rep- resentedinalllegislationand would also adhere to the UN Declaration on the Rights of IndigenousPeoples.Heprom- ised a universal childcare program so that any person can nd the day care services at a maximum of 15 a day. A strong advocate for green energy Bevington also said an NDP government would push for the development of renewable energy sources built to match the needs and resources available in each part of the territory. Michael McLeod Liberal Party McLeod said the Liberal party would work with Ab- original governments as full partners to develop a recon- ciliationframeworkandbuild on UN declaration and re-in- troduce the Kelowna accord. He called for a national ac- tion plan that really focuses on womens issues including intimate partner violence. McLeodsanswersreected his partys three-point plan to develop and invest in in- frastructure social programs and tax breaks for the mid- dle class. Im very proud to be part of Justin Trudeaus team and have an opportunity to share inaplanforrealchangeinthe North and across Canada he said. We will increase in- frastructure spending to the tune of 126 billion. We will cut taxes to the middle class. We will ask the wealthiest Canadians to pay more. We willinvestinfamiliesthrough the Child Tax Benet and will increase the Northern Resi- dents Deduction by 50 mil- lion of additional tax relief. Floyd Roland Conservative Party At the CBC debate the for- mer NWT premier stated the Conservative govern- ment has been working with Aboriginal partners to come toagreementsregardingland claimsissueswhilesimultane- ouslypromotingthesuccessof theterritorysdevolutiondeal. When asked about develop- ing sustainable economies in the NWT Roland promoted developing a mix of alterna- tive and gas resources as a meansofbuildinginvestment opportunities and lowering energy costs. Roland promoted the Con- servativesplantousetheNu- tritionNorthfoodsubsidypro- grampairedwithinvestments in northern agriculture and infrastructure development toalleviatehighcostsofliving. Nine years of experience is good but do we need more yearsofsomeonelookingfrom the outside Or someone like me whos made the tough de- cisions here already I can bring that to Ottawa. Yellowknife forums let NWT voters hear directly from MP candidates POLITICS FEDERAL ELECTION Tuesday October 13 2015 3 POLITICS FEDERAL ELECTION The Fort Smith District Education Authority will hold its Annual General Meeting Thursday Nov. 19 2015 700PM at JBT Room 113 Delegates wishing to address the authority may do so by contacting our office in writing 72 hours prior to the meeting at P.O. Box 131 or by fax at 867-872-2448. The public is welcome to attend. Dennis Bevington TGIF Barbeque 500 - 700 PM Friday October 16 Conibear Park Fort Smith - Weather Permitting GET READY TO VOTE I SUPPORT By CRAIG GILBERT AnewridingisupforgrabsinnorthernAlberta. Five candidates a Conservative Green Libertarian Liberal and New Democrat will battle in the first-ever vote in Peace River- Westlock situated between Grande Prairie- Mackenzie and Fort McMurray-Cold Lake. It was created during a boundary redistri- bution in 2012 out of parts of Peace River Fort McMurray-Athabasca Westlock-St. Paul and Yellowheadandifthe73627eligiblevotersthere elect Libertarian Jeremy Sergeew on Oct. 19 it wont even have a politician representing it. Sergeewwasthefirstcandidatetorespondto four questions circulated to all candidates via email. Liberal Chris Brown and Green Sabrina LeeLevacfailedtorespondbeforepressdeadline. I am not a politician and if elected I prom- ise to remain not a politician Sergeew an oil field worker said there are too many ca- reer politicians on the Hill. The married father of five who does one crazy thing a year to remind himself of who he is said the fed has to pour more back into the region. We are taxed too high with no real help coming back to us he said. New Democrat candidate Cameron Alexis a former Assembly of First Nations Regional Chief for Alberta has addressed the House of Commons the Senate and the United Nations in both New York and Geneva. He said in a short email his primary concern if elected would be to spend time understanding the new riding and making sure hes accessible to the public in part by going to peoples com- munities and setting up systems to consult with the public on critical issues. growth are chief among the ridings concerns and that is about where the similarities end. An auto mechanic with a family to raise Viersen said the Tories are the only party that can be trusted to keep taxes low and keep the economy growing. Over the last 10 years the Conservative government has signed nearly 30 free trade agreements he said. This ensures that there are customers for the products that are pro- duced in northern Alberta. Our farmers log- gers oil field workers and manufacturing rely on global markets to survive. We need to con- tinue to encourage trade around the world. He said infrastructure is important to get those products to market and the provinces bones have improved since the Conservatives took power in 2006 and there is still more we can accomplish. He said the NDP plan is fully costed and addresses critical aspects of Canadian soci- ety highlighting the partys plan to create 15-per-day child care across the country reduce the small business tax rate to nine per cent spend an extra 1.5 billion on infrastruc- ture creating a cap-and-trade greenhouse gas emission reduction system repeal Bill C-51 and call a national inquiry into missing and murdered indigenous women. In the past Ive been able to work with big industry to move projects forward with heightened environmental standards Alexis said. That way we create good jobs for future generations and leave them with a healthy environment as well. I plan to apply this skill and philosophy when Im working in Ottawa. ConservativeArnoldViersenagreeswiththe othercandidatesthatjobcreationandeconomic By CRAIG GILBERT James Friesen and his wife have a blended family of 10 children and they raised all but one of them for a time as a single parent be- fore meeting. Now the Green Party candidate in Grande Prairie-Mackenzie a grandfather of 38 and a great grandfather of six he still remembers what it is like to live paycheque-to-paycheque and he believes that experience would inform his work if elected MP on Oct. 19. The two top issues in the riding of Grande Prairie-Mackenziearethecurrentoilcrisisand downturninoureconomythathasresultedinjob lossesformanypeopleandthecostofrentand foodinthefaceofjobslostisacauseofconcern toaneverincreasingnumberofpeopletoohe said. It is our duty to leave this world a better place than it was when we entered it. That can bestatleastformebeachievedthroughpolitics. Frieseniscurrentlyself-employedandspent most of his career working in agriculture. He notes the Green Party is the only one that be- lievesinparticipatorydemocracywhichempha- sizes the broad participation of constituents in thedirectionandoperationofpoliticalsystems. We in the Green Party believe that only by governments working together with Canadians can we make this country into all that it can be. LiberalcandidateReaganJohnstonisgrate- ful to have grown up in Wild Rose Country. Ibelievewithmyenergyandpassionforthis greatprovinceandthefactthatAlbertahasmade a man out of me should attract voters he said. JohnstonwouldtaketheAlbertamentality to Ottawa and work to get this great country backonitsfeet.Hesaidthetemporaryforeign workers program needs fixing so small busi- nessownersinnorthernAlbertacanstafftheir storefronts and that the federal government should work with the provinces not against them to address regional doctor shortages. Weareahard-workingpeopleandweneed our voices to be heard in Ottawa he said. I believe the Liberal party has a leader and a great plan to help Canadians today not in 5-10 or 20 years from now like our competitors. Incumbent Conservative Chris Warkentin hasrepresentedPeaceRiverforalmost10years since the 2006 general election and told the Journal he is running again because he would be honoured to continue to represent and de- fend the regions interests like the economy. I believe that the Conservative Party is the only team that has a balanced plan to weather the international market uncertainty that we are facing today he said. Our team knows that we must continue to expand market ac- cess for the product that we produce here in Canada and ensure that the infrastructure is in place to reach these new markets. We will continue to advance a low-tax plan that will support local families small businesses and local employers. He said the other parties only have unre- alistic promises of spending billions of dollars with no plan to pay for it other than stripping Peace Country families of their benefits and raising their taxes. Those benefits should include private op- tions for health care and insurance accord- ingtoLibertariancandidateDylanThompson. The Libertarian party is against this un- warranted vilification of the oil industry and advocatesallowingprivateoptionsforcareand insurance which would alleviate the public wait times and the growing fiscal burden on our public healthcare he said. We want the provinces to be free to choose the healthcare system that best fits their needs. Thompson who is running for the first time and said he listens to podcasts and on- line broadcasts about politics economics and philosophy in his spare time said voting Libertarian sends a message to the growing party that there is support out there. VotingLibertariansendsamessagetotheworld thatapartofourcountryspopulationvaluesan absence of social and economic interventions he said. I agreed to be a part of the Libertarian PartyafterIdiscoveredthattheirmaingoalwas nottochangetheworldbygettingintopowerbut insteadtoadvocateandadvertiselibertarianism toCanadians.Thatcanincludehavingyourvoice travel farther by holding a seat in Parliament. We are a hard-working people and we need our voices to be heard in Ottawa. Liberal candidate Reagan Johnston Five fight new Alberta riding of Peace River-Westlock Economy top-of-mind in northwestern Albertas Grande Prairie-Mackenzie riding POLITICS FEDERAL ELECTION 4 Tuesday October 13 2015 The Northern Journal is an independent newspaper covering news and events in the western Arctic and northern Alberta. The Northern Journal is published weekly by Cascade Publishing Ltd. Printed at Star Press Inc. Wainwright AB. Publisher................................................................................. Don Jaque 867-872-3000 ext.21 Editor..................................................................................... Craig Gilbert 867-872-3000 ext.24 Reporter....................................................................... Dali Carmichael 867-872-3000 ext.25 Comptroller .......................................................Jessica Dell 867-872-3000 ext.20 Advertising........................................................................... 867-872-3000 ext.26 Administration............................................Jeremy Turcotte 867-872-3000 ext.26 Production Manager ......................................Sandra Jaque 867-872-3000 ext.22 Graphics........................................................Paul Bannister 867-872-3000 ext.27 Letters to the Editor Policy The Northern Journal welcomes letters to the editor. Letters must be signed and include a phone number so the author can be veried. Names will be withheld on request in special circumstances where the reasons are determined to be valid. The Journal reserves the right to edit letters for length libel clarity and taste. Opinions expressed in letters and columns are not necessarily those of the publisher or editor. EDITORIAL GUEST COLUMN 2013 CCNA BLUE RIBBON CANADIAN COMMUNITY NEWSPAPER AWARD 2013 C M C A AUDITED Advertising Deadlines Display ad deadline is Thursday at 400 p.m. Classied ad deadline is Thursday at 500 p.m. Email Subscription Rates Prices include GST. 47.25 in Fort Smith 52.50 elsewhere in Canada 105 in the USA overseas 164.30. The Northern Journal acknowledges the nancial support of the Government of Canada through the Canada Periodical Fund CPF for our publishing activities. By ALBERTA HEALTH SERVICES With autumn comes a few certainties rst frost Thanksgiving changing leaves... and inuenza. Inuenza often called the u is un- fortunately also often confused with stom- ach illnesses and common colds. The reality is that inuenza is of far greater risk to our communities than the common cold and stomach u. As a severe respira- tory illness that impacts the nose throat and lungs inuenza is a virus that doesnt discriminate. Though children less than 23 months seniors and those with compro- mised immune systems are at greatest risk no matter how healthy you think you are if you arent immunized each season you are at risk for inuenza. Simplyputgoodhealthisntcontagiousbut inuenza is. And chances are your friends colleagues and family members dont want inuenza any more than you do. To protect yourself and others this sea- son please get immunized. Inuenza vaccine will be available free of charge starting October 20. All Albertans six months of age and older are eligible and recommended for immunization. Just as with other immunizations the in- uenza vaccine is your best protection against disease. Each year the inuenza vaccine is developed to protect us against the strains of virus likely to circulate in our community over the next six months. You cant rely on last seasons immunization to protect you this season. Available athundredsofAHSclinicsaround Alberta and through many pharmacists and family physicians as well inuenza vaccine is easily accessible. Last season more than 3900 cases of inuenza were conrmed in Alberta and more than 100 Albertans passed away with the virus. This season dont become a statistic. The vaccine is safe. Inuenza is not. Why chance it To learn more about inuenza and to look- up your local clinic schedules visit bertahealthservices.cainuenza or www. u-inuenza. Get your inuenza immunization why chance it PhotoBillBraden Liberal Party of Canada Leader Justin Trudeau attracted close to 100 people to a rally at the Mildred Hall School in downtown Yellowknife Friday evening Oct. 9. After a 10-minute speech highlighting the Liberal platform that pinpointed the pledge to raise Northern tax deductions Trudeau patiently circled the room and posed with anyone who wanted a sele. The brief boisterous rally was in support of NWT Liberal hopeful Michael McLeod. Also on hand was Nunavut candidate Hunter Tootoo. Federal elections are exciting times since the future of the country is at stake so we have compiled information from the past present with projections into the future to offer some perspective. The House of Commons has grown by 30 seats to 338 ridings in this election thanks to a bill enacted in the fall of 2011. To win a majority in the newly bolstered Parliament a party will need to garner at least 170 seats. In the last federal election in May 2011 Stephen Harpers Conservatives won a ma- jority for the rst time in their eight years in government winning 166 of 308 seats in the smaller Parliament and earned 40 per cent of the popular vote. Current voter opinion polling as of Oct. 11 show the Conserva- tives at 30 per cent of the popular vote and projected to elect only 118 MPs. Voter opinion ebbs and ows. Only 60 days ago in August the New Democrats were marginally in the lead over the Conserva- tives and Thomas Mulcair was projected to that is anti-women inspired the biggest reaction. They also announced Canadian citizenship would be stripped from any- one convicted of terrorism even some- one born in Canada plus they introduced a plan for a barbaric practices hotline available to report suspicious activities. As a result the popularity of the Conser- vative Party jumped in Quebec while the NDP slipped out of contention as a major rival. Harper is now projected to win 17 seats in Quebec but the divisive debates caused a backlash in other parts of the country resulting in losses of popularity for the Conservatives so they ended up at virtually the same standing in the polls. Another outcome of the niqab controversy was the re-emergence of the Bloc Quebe- cois as a factor in the campaign. Leader Gilles Duceppe had lost his own seat and his party was virtually wiped out in the last election but the niqab debate gave the separatist party traction among conserva- tive-thinking Quebec voters. Now projected to win a substantial portion of the Quebec vote they will once again be a factor on the national stage. Canadians most often vote for the MP already holding a seat. Thirty-three Con- servative Party MPs have resigned or are not planning to run again so Harper has incumbents in 133 ridings. Fourteen NDP MPs are not returning so they have incum- bents in 89 ridings. The Liberals lost five sitting MPs so will offer only 29 incum- bents. For the Liberals to win their pro- jected 134 seats they would have to win in 105 new ridings. For the NDP to match Trudeau they would need to win in 45 new ridings. The Conservatives meanwhile con- tinue to slide and are doing their best to try to stave off losses. It is looking very likely that Canadians will end up with a minority government which means the ruling party will rely on the support of others to stay in power. If Ste- phen Harpers party wins the most number of seats the other parties have vowed not to support him so he will not form a gov- ernment. A coalition government between the Liberals and NDP is the alternative. As there is no love lost between the two they will continue to vy for voter approval at each others expense and withdraw sup- port from the coalition if they think they have a sufficient edge to win on their own. On top of that Conservatives are a major- ity in the Senate and they do what Harper tells them which means gridlock for any new legislation. Most minority govern- ments in Canada last less than two years. We think this one wont make it that long. In the not-too-distant future Canadians will get to vote all over again. One telling statistic throughout the campaign is the solid majority of Canadians consistently 70 per cent who do not want Stephen Harper as prime minister again. The federal election by the numbers win a minority government with 128 seats. Now Justin Trudeau is in ascendancy with a projected 34 per cent of the popular vote winning a minority government with 134 Liberal seats. One telling statistic throughout the cam- paign is the solid majority of Canadians consistently 70 per cent who do not want Stephen Harper as prime minister again. A month ago in an attempt to help their poor numbers the Conservatives replaced the head of their campaign team with controversial Australian campaign guru Lynton Crosby who is credited with the wins of the current Conservative govern- ments in both Australia and Britain. He is known to use tactics that rally voters with hot button issues like fear of im- migration and crime. Since his arrival Harper has introduced three controver- sial issues into the campaign that appeal to anti-Muslim sentiments or play on the fear of terrorism. The practice of women covering their face with a niqab that Ste- phen Harper said is rooted in a culture Tuesday October 13 2015 5 COLUMNS 15 Years Ago... Chief Paulette bidding farewell to SLFN Jerry Paulette is stepping aside as chief of Smiths Landing First Nation and will not run again in the band election on Oct. 27. Paulette has been chief for the past 13 years and says his time is up as leader of the band. Paulette was rst elected chief in 1987 when the band was still called the FitzSmith Dene Band. Issue October 11 2000 20 Years Ago... UNW shakeup The Union of Northern Workers UNW removed three of its executive ofcers early last week leaving two regions without a regional vice-president and the union itself minus one vice-president. UNW rst vice- president Jim Wilson Fort Smith regional vice-presi- dent Keith Dowling and Inuvik regional vice-president Angus Crane were all relieved of their duties. Issue October 11 1995 30 Years Ago... Dene appointed to language task force Three Dene have been appointed to the territorial governments task force on aboriginal languages. Susan Look a Locheux from Fort McPherson Fibbi Tatti a Slavey from Fort Franklin and Elizabeth Sabet Biscaye a Chipewyan from Fort Resolution make up the Dene team appointed by government leader Richard Nerysoo. Issue October 10 1985 ARCHIVES Northern Journal 2015 Join us online Like Northern Journal on Facebook and get the weekly news delivered to your feed FACEBOOK FEEDBACK The new Stanton Territorial Hospital will stand apart from the existing building will be privately built and maintained and is to cost 751 million over the next 34 years including the 300-million construc- tion price tag. Privately built 300-million hospital to be twice as large By DAWN KOSTELNIK Mom mom we hear in a weak little voice Mom I think I was dead. Hysterical laughter breaks out as we all reach out our hands to touch him.Gentlegentlemymom sayswehavetogethiminside andseehowbadheschewed. His tiny body is laid on the couch my mom lifts off his parkie with careful hands his face is milk-white and he shakes in shock. Dawn go andgetablanketandapillow. His little arms are pulled out of his parkie in a perfect cir- cumferencelikeathickpurple band we see where the dogs jaws have clamped down and covered the whole of his arm. His back has nasty big red and black bruising bites. The woundsaredeepintothetissue andmuscleknotsofdamaged esh but nowhere is the skin broken. My mom bends arms andlegsfeelingribschecking forbreakagemiraculouslyhe isintacthewillbeverysorefor weeksandaffectedforeverbut hehassurvived.Heisalive.My momsngermightbebroken fromthefallwithherngerin the gun trigger. How are you Kurtie We all ask. I was dead for sure he says. Hes only ve years old.Whenheschewingonme I pull my hands in my parkie and cover my head so he cant stick his teeth in my eyes. He didnt even chew my hands see He proudly displays his roughlittlenail-bittenngers for inspection he is amazed that they are still there we can see this he is so happy to haveallofhisparts.Weareso veryhappythatheisstillalive. White Girl Biting the hand that feeds you Acetheleaddogwegotfrom the R.M.C.P. is still alive as well. My dad takes him to the nursingstationforanX-rayon his front leg. If the leg is bro- ken he will be shot. The leg is notbrokenheisbandagedup andtakenbacktothedogline to be chained up. Ace came to usasafull-growndoghehad one eye that bulged dramati- cally from his head this was milky white and he was blind in that eye. What Aces life had been like previously we did not know it appears that damage had been done. How do you x that My dad did not shoot Ace for attacking Kurtis. If Ace had been loose and attacked anybody my dad would have killed him in an instant. No one was allowed near the dog run. In the real world when the rules are broken you pay theconsequences. Youareul- timately responsible for your own life even if you are only ve years old and totally dis- tractedbyyourfavouritestick. P.S. I have a wariness of dogs after years of living with many of them and having ex- perienced this attack on my little brother. People who tie their dogs at entries to pub- lic places and then assure me that Fido would not hurt a eashouldknowthattheirdog sensesfearfromme.Icannot controlit.Pleasedonotputme inthisposition.Well-meaning ladies who weigh 110 lbs with their120-lbrescuedogonataut leashpleasedonotassureme that the teeth-baring is only a result of past abuse and that they have now been rehabili- tated.AndnowofcourseFido wouldnthurtakitten.Itisnot OK to allow your dog inches frommyfacesothattheycan be re-socialized. Please dont put me in this position. This human thanks you for your consideration. By LONE SORENSEN All in all the past growing season was a pretty good one and now that the harvest is stored for use over the win- ter it is time to think about how to make next years crop even better. Thebestwaytoensuregood resultsnextsummeristopre- pare your soil so that it is bal- anced.Youcanprepareitnow to make that happen. Ihadsomeproblemswiththe pH in a couple of my gardens where some of my soil tested at 7.5 this summer from hav- ing used some compost that was way too alkaline which I realized too late. I will al- ways from now on check the pH of any amendment to the soilthatIadd-lessonlearned. Beforeusingthiscompostmy soil was pH 6.3 which is very close to optimal for vegetable productioneventhoughpota- toes grow better and have less scabinmoreacidicconditions. KnowingthepHinsoilsand correctingittosuitfoodplants iskeytohavinghealthyplants. The nutrients in the soil are more available to the plants whenthepHisclosertoneutral 7.Ifsoilistooacidicunder5.5 forinstanceitcanbeamended with dolomite lime stone. If it istooalkalineabove7.5regu- lar garden sulfur can be used. Fixing pH in soil takes many months so it is a good idea to workonitinthefallnowand again in the spring. Simple pH testers can be bought at places like Canadian Tire or from any seed catalogue. It is a good idea to always have a pH tester in your garden doctors medicine bag. Taking a full soil sample and getting it analyzed is well worth it and should be done in the spring before planting assuming you live in a place whereyoucaneasilygetahold ofvariousamendments.Taiga Labs in Yellowknife is a good placeforsoilanalysis.Ifyoulive in a remote community with only an ice road in the winter itwillbeagoodpractisetoas- sessyoursoilfullyinthefallso youknowwhatkindofamend- ments you want to bring in on the ice road. The very best thing is to make your own compost which many people now do. Actuallythebestwaytomake compost is to have chick- ens. Although I know keep- ing chickens is not possible for everyone they provide excellent manure perfect for increasing soil health. Whatever you do it is never too early to plan for an even better garden and increased production next year. Over the winter months when it is dark and cold is a great time to sit and read and learn more about gardening from soil to plants and all the manygrowingtechniquesthat arebeingdevelopedthesedays. There is always more to learn about growing food. Living so far north I look for stuff writ- ten with the North in mind. Many gardening books writ- tenintheUSAwillrefertothe Northwestbuttheydontmean high latitude 60 and above. Authors of gardening books unless they have lived above 60 may not know all the vari- ous aspects of what will work andnotworkinourgardens.I prefer to nd publications by the University of Alaska and I willbedelvingintotheseover the winter. NowasIsitdownforawell- deservedrestbythereinthe wood stove I utter a relieved aaaah as I sip a cup of mint tea. What a wonderful grow- ing season it was Lone Sorensen is the founder of Northern Roots andhaslivedandgrownfood in Yellowknife for 27 years. Gardening with Lone Bringing balance to your life and soil Jason Lepine Certainly a mammoth project by NWT standards. And unlike other 200 million dollar projects this one seeminly came out of nowhere ... we havent heard much from the GNWT about the need for a new Stanton Hos- pital. A few things trouble me and most you have touched on in this exchange... 1. Need - Stanton is 27 years old and with a mid-life ret- rot should have many more decades of life left. Exactly what is the urgency that requires complete replacement. 2. Consultation - Like I said out in the regions this issue seemingly came out of nowhere. It would be nice if the GNWT at least came out and talked to us about the issue so we can voice our opinion as to its priority in the long wish list of infrastructure our territory needs. 3. Competition Process - Sounds as if this project went out as a competition for a retrot which result- ed in an unsolicited submission for complete replace- ment. Why would the retrot competition be tossed aside after what I hope was a complete review of all submissions...what was the justication and is the change in keeping with standard GNWT purchasing supply mgmt rules and practices. 4. Timing and Optics - The last minute before your term runs out approach to signing on the dotted line is either an oversight or just a cunning tactic to bypass public consultation and push any backlash that may arise for such a sloppy process to the next assembly. Like it or not the next goverenment is going to have to push ahead with the deal or pay a penalty for cancellation...either way not a good start for a new government. This en- tire project and process is worthy of having the pause button pushed...if at the very least to let the rest of the territory catch up to those chosen few privileged Cabinet Minister who have taken it upon themselves to ram job this project through before the coming election. 6 Tuesday October 13 2015 QUESTION 1 Will you advocate for national strategies for housing poverty food security and seniors If so what measures do you consider most important to include in these strategies QUESTION 2 What actions will you take to reduce living costs throughout the NWT BEVINGTON One of the most impor- tant measures we can take is to increase seniors incomes and help Canadians plan for a secure retirement. An NDP government will lift 200000 seniors out of poverty by boosting the Guaranteed Income Supplement. And well return the retirement age for Old Age Security to 65 from 67 putting 13000 back into se- niors pockets. We will work to enhance BEVINGTON More than half of work- ing Canadians are living paycheque-to- paycheque and it can be even tougher for seniors living on fixed incomes. Instead of giving Canadians a break Stephen Harper handed out tens of billions in tax giveaways to big banks and corporations including the big banks that make billions from the and medicine. An NDP government will work with the provinces and territories to provide a universal prescription drug plan. Well fight price-fixing and collu- sion on gas prices. Well also re-estab- lish a federal role in funding affordable housing with investments in both new social housing and market rental hous- Canada Pension Plan benefits and pro- tect income-splitting for seniors. An NDP government will also invest 1.8 billion over four years to help provinces and territories expand comprehensive home fees you pay. Tom Mulcair and the NDP will cap ATM fees at 50 cents per transac- tion and stop the big banks from slapping unfair fees on everyday transactions. Well ensure everyone has access to a no-frills credit card with fair interest rates. Tom Mulcair and the NDP believe no Canadian should ever have to choose between food The NWT Seniors Society advocates for the rights and quality o assured that the political candidates in We would like you the voter to keep The NWT Seniors Society asked the four federal parties for their position on issues of concern to older adults throughout the NWT so an informed choice can be made when voting for the Northwest Territories MP on October 19. Only two parties responded to our questions on time. Being heard valued and respected are fundamental to the dignity and security of older adults in the N In a jurisdiction where older adults are the fastest growing demographic NWT politicians We will be encouraging all older adults in the NWT to exercise This is a paid advertisement spons MCLEOD As a Liberal Government we will immediately increase the Guar- anteed Income Supplement for single lower income seniors by ten per cent providing up to an additional 920 per year for Canadas lowest income se- niors. This investment will reach 840 million by 2019 and benefit 1.25 million seniors including 900000 single women. A Statistics Canada study found that over a 12-year period the cost of goods typically purchased by seniors rises fast- er than those bought by non-senior fam- ilies. We will develop a new measure for the cost of living faced by seniors the Seniors Price Index. OAS and GIS will be indexed to this new more accurate and more generous measure rather than to the Consumer Price Index that reflects the wider population. In periods when the Consumer Price Index grows faster than the Seniors Price Index the traditional Consumer Price Index will be used. We will not cut pension income splitting for seniors. We will work with the provinces and territories workers employers and re- tiree organizations to enhance the Can- ada Pension Plan. Within three months of the election the new federal Finance Minister will convene provincial and ter- ritorial counterparts to begin this work. We will work with the Quebec govern- care services to 41000 more seniors allowing them to remain in their homes and build 5000 more nursing home beds for those who need care. ment and respect the close collabora- tion that exists between the Canada Pension Plan and the Quebec Pension Plan. Finally as part of a Liberal govern- ments commitment to a new ten-year investment of nearly 20 billion in social infrastructure we will prioritize signifi- cant new investment in affordable hous- ing and seniors facilities. We thank the NDP and Liberals for their r We will share ing. Tom Mulcair has announced a plan to expand Nutrition North to include 50 isolated communities currently exclud- ed review Nutrition North in partnership with northerners and look at existing successful models that increase the use of local foods and reduce food costs. MCLEOD Under the Conservatives liv- ing costs in the North have risen risen and risen. As your MP I will advocate for a large increase in the Northern Resi- dents Deduction and ensuring it is fully refundable this will provide more support to Northerners than a non-refundable tax credit. We all know that Northerners are far more likely to have their tax claims re- viewed at a much higher rate than other Canadians as CRA has recently con- firmed. I will push to make sure CRA ceas- es unreasonably targetting Northerners and instead adopts a risk-based approach to auditing Northerners tax claims. While the Liberal Party opposes Ste- phen Harpers income-splitting poli- cies-which predominantly favour the wealthy-we will preserve it for seniors and retirees who need it. Tuesday October 13 2015 7 QUESTION 4 Do you support an enhanced federal Northern Residents Deduction for seniors based on cost of living Why or why not QUESTION 3 The federal government introduced the Social Finance Accelerator Initiative which provides for private investment in community organizations that address persistent social problems. Do you agree with this approach to addressing social problems Why or why not BEVINGTON After nine years of Conservative governments Canadas North is a region suffering from a lack of investment and a failed Northern Strategy. From housing to employment to food security affordability remains a major stumbling block to Northern prosperity. Its a problem for everyone but we know seniors on fixed incomes have a tough time and face isolation. It BEVINGTON The impetus for this type of private investment in social programs comes from governments like the Conservatives who are un- derfunding organizations and pro- grams. While the NDP is open to exploring new forms of social innova- tion options like social impact bonds carry considerable risks the biggest being privatization of social programs. That is why only NDP members of the Standing Committee on Human Re- sources submitted a dissenting opin- ion when this issue was studied ear- has been seven years since the NRD was increased and even then the in- crease was not enough to keep pace with the rate of inflation. Besides the measures listed above to help make life lier this year. Its not surprising that both Conservatives and Liberals are prepared to go down this road since both have records in government of cutting spending on social programs and diminishing the federal role in ar- eas like affordable housing. Given the y of life for senior citizens across the NWT. We want to be n this election have issues that affect seniors as their priorities. that in mind too. WT. When our voices are ignored older adults like all other citizens feel disrespected and not valued. who ignore us do so at their own peril. Leon Peterson President NWT Seniors Society e their rights to be heard and to vote in all upcoming elections. Dennis BEVINGTON NDP Floyd ROLAND ConservativeJohn MOORE GreenMichael MCLEOD Liberal sored by the NWT Seniors Society. responses and for hearing our concerns. e them widely. lack of tangible evidence that social finance and social impact bonds lead to positive outcomes in the delivery of social programs we believe this is a matter for public debate and consul- tation if it is going to be pursued any further. MCLEOD Rather than offloading its responsibilities to the private sector as the Conservatives have done the fed- eral government should be investing in community issues directly. It should also work with other public sector partners including provincial territorial and mu- nicipal governments as well as NGOs. A Liberal government will invest 20 bil- lion in social infrastructure rather than transferring its responsibilities to the pri- vate sector. more affordable in the North an NDP government will ensure that the North- ern Residents Tax Deduction rises to keep pace with needs by indexing it to the rate of inflation. MCLEOD A Liberal government will invest 20 billion in social infrastruc- ture including affordable housing. As your MP I will focus on building longer runways and more roads to reduce the cost of transporting food and con- struction materials on encouraging local agriculture to improve availabil- ity of local food and on affordable housing. The Liberal Party will also invest 20 billion in green energy which can help re- duce the cost of electricity while lessening our dependence on fossil fuels shipped in from the south at great expense. I will also fix the outdated Northern Residents Deduction by increasing it by 50 and pegging it to inflation so that it isnt constantly eroded. 8 Tuesday October 13 2015 POLITICS NWT MUNICIPALITIES Continued from page 1. It could be as easy as having a Facebook page dedicated to council issues she said. Sibbeston would also like to see a stronger focusonyouthissueswithinthevillage.Aspart of this initiative she would instate a youth rep- resentativeoncouncilinordertogetanewgen- erationinvolvedinmunicipalpolitics.Addition- allyshestatedshewouldfocusonstrengthening relationshipsbetweenorganizationswithinthe community to build a stronger fiscal network. Our funding is squeezed across the board she said. We need to make sure we are build- ing and keeping key relationships. HavingmyselfasafemaleAboriginaloncoun- cil would greatly enhance the villages working relationship with First Nations Sibbeston in- timatedstatingthathavingmoreparticipation fromlocalIndigenousgroupsisakeygoalforher. John Dempsey The owner and operator of Fort Simpsons Northern Store has thrown his hat in the ring for the 2015 municipal election and his number-one priority is bettering transpar- ency for his village. Fort Simpson is a great place to live and I think that I can better support the commu- nity and do what I can do pitch in Dempsey said. The main issue is communication and transparency. Theres room for improvement incommunicationsbetweenthevillageandthe First Nation in particular and I think by work- ing together we can be a much better place. Dempsey said he would try to accomplish this by ensuring all the necessary stakehold- ers are involved in important decisions by in- viting them to meetings and if he has it his way televising council meetings. I have a proven track record of doing things forthecommunity.Ihavedemonstratedanabil- ity of leadership particularly in terms of large- scale business and I care very deeply about the community and I believe everybody is equal. Dempsey is determined to take his entre- preneurial skills developed while running the communitystoreforalmostsixyearsandapply them to running the ship in Fort Simpson. Sean Whelly Incumbent mayor Sean Whelly who was acclaimed in the last election is ready for term number three. I feel as though weve been very effective in improving the life of residents here over the last six years and there are still things that can be done he said. Id like to stay in there working with a new council to see if we cant keep on the path that weve been on improving the quality of peoples lives here. Whellys projects have ranged from im- proving local recreational facilities like the towns new swimming pool to taking on en- vironmental initiatives including a 3.4-mil- lion biomechanical sewer plant. Ithinkthatwevesupportedalotofculture heritage literacy things in the community as well he said. All in a firm financial way that we havent seen a tax increase in the last six years. Fiscal management and getting things donehaskindofbeentherecordthatImstand- ing on and I think I can still do more for the community. I have the energy to put into it IveenjoyedthejobquiteabitIhopeIcanstill give somemorevaluebacktothecommunity. HAY RIVER Andrew Cassidy It has been a tough year for mayor Andrew Cassidyfollowingthesix-monthstrikebytown employees but the challenge has left the in- cumbent invigorated and ready to take on the tasks at hand. Theres a number of projects or initiatives we started under this council that have not yet been completed. One of them for example is thefranchiseagreement.Anotherwouldbethe MACAformulafunding.Theressomeinternal organizational reviews that were working on as well as changing some of the internal pro- cesses to become a better organization for the community Cassidy said. Those are ongoing and I would really like to put in another term to see those through to completion and con- tinue to work with a council that is obviously not afraid to tackle some of these tougher de- cisions and move forward. Top priorities include the updating of infra- structure in time for the 2018 Arctic Winter Games to be hosted in Hay River and Fort Smith updating town hall and continuing to build partnerships with organizations such as the Northern Farm Training Institute. I think that Ive shown my dedication my enthusiasm for the position my experience being on council for a term being mayor for a term I think that speaks to my commitment to municipal governments and my interest my passion for it as well. Brad Mapes First-term Councillor Brad Mapes has a love affair with Hay River. He said as mayor he would work to attract more business to the townandtorunthetownmorelikeabusiness. Any politician will tell you the next few years are the most important but for our com- munity we need to move forward quickly he said. The economy is extremely bad and I feel Ive got the networking skills and plans for our community to move it forward. Mapes wants the political process at the town corporation which is currently trying to fill the key positions of senior administra- tive officer director of finance and director of public works more transparent. WhatIdliketodoischangethestructureof how the town is run and go more with a com- mittee structure reporting back to council Mapes said. We get recommendations given to us for council to make decisions but right now were getting a lot of stuff brought to us to vote on with incomplete information such as financial implications and everything. Mapes said he is committed to Hay River. I always put our community first he said. A lot of times I look at my business and sometimes should probably go a different route but Im committed to our community. Im a great business head and maybe the town needs to get back to that mode where you need to run it like a business. INUVIK Derek Lindsay After taking a backseat as a councillor in In- uvik Derek Lindsay has decided its time for himtoonceagaintakeonthepositionofmayor. I want to get back in the mayors seat. I was mayor from 2006 to 2009 and I think its time we had some leadership for council Lindsay said.Iwanttoattackthehighutilitycostswere experiencingrightatthistimepayingournatu- ral gas and our electrical costs. Whatwouldbethemethodtohismadness as he put it. I want to streamline the operations in the town of Inuvik be more practical he said. Werespendingalotofmoneyincertainareas where we really shouldnt be. We need to cut back on a few things. Energy is a big one the town consumes a lot of energy throughout our recreation centre. We spend 3 million a year operating that facility for a population of less than 3000. I think thats a bit much. Lindsay is confident his experience will lead him to victory. IdidagoodjoblasttimeandIhelpeddoagood jobagainthistimesaidthecurrentcouncillor. Jim McDonald AfterthreetermsonInuvikcouncilJimMc- Donaldwasreadytocallitapoliticalcareerbut he has supporters who wouldnt let the acting mayor hang them up just yet. IstillhavetheenergyandInuvikismyhome- townsoIthinkmyheartishereandmyfamily ishereandIthinkIcanhopefullydosomestuff inthemayorsofficethatwillmakethecommu- nityabetterplacehesaid.Ivehadalotofen- couragement from the community. Inuvikatownofabout3500peoplenestled ontheArcticcoastischallengedfirstandfore- most by the cost-of-living borne of its remote- ness. McDonald admitted there are no simple solutions to the problem for the residents. Our council has been dealing with that for a number of years now he said. There is no singlesolutionoranysolutionatthispoint.Its somethingthatwilleventuallyunlesswecanget someindustrymovingtohelptheeconomy.Its adifficultthingtodealwith.Inthelongrunwe wontseemuchuntiltheeconomypicksupagain. In the meantime the town has to capitalize when opportunities come. Thereisopportunityhereonthesmallerscale and I think we just have to take advantage of whatevercomesalonghesaid.Tourismseems to be on the increase this year certainly seems to be a lot more people travelling the Dempster Highwaylotsofmotorhomesheremotorbikes pedalbikesevenpeoplewalkinginsoIthinkwe need to kind of capitalize on that opportunity. YELLOWKNIFE Mark Heyck Withthreetermsoncitycouncilandanother as mayor Mark Heyck has entrenched himself as a public servant. Icertainlyfoundaftermyfirsttermandeven after my second term on council that you get a few things done during the three-year term buttheresalwaysunfinishedbusinessthatyou wanttoseethroughtoitsconclusionandIthink the same applies to my first term as mayor he said. I think weve made some progress on a lot of important issues but I think theres a lot of work left to be done and Id like to be in the mayors chair to help oversee that work for our community. Among the top priorities for the incumbent is the revitalization of the capital citys down- town core. Ithasbeenalong-standingissueforthecity. Weve undertaken some revitalization efforts during this turn of office particularly the cost ofpowerandheatingourhomesandbusinesses and I have some ideas about how we might be able to help our residents with those cost of liv- ing issues as well. Heyck is confident his years of experience and reputation in Yellowknife will win him an- other term. Ive shown I can bring different viewpoints together in a cohesive fashion from a variety of councillors that will ultimately be elected to makedecisionsonbehalfofthecommunity.As a lifelong Yellowknifer Im truly committed to this city and to making it a better place to live for all of our residents. John Himmelman A self-labelled armchair mayor Himmel- man has always been interested in politics but decidedtoparticipateatthemunicipallevelfol- lowing debates around the revitalization of the 5050 lot downtown. That didnt look quite right then I looked intoitfurtherandIfeltliketherewasadiscon- nectbetweentheiradministrationandwhatthe public is looking for he said. I think the pri- oritiesidentifiedbythepublicarehousingcosts andhomelessnessanditseemslikethecurrent administrationappearstobemoreinterestedin revitalization and beautification. Id be looking towards a mandate to address the housing and focus more on social issues. TostartHimmelmanwouldaddressthehigh cost of housing by taking measures to expand thetaxbase.Ideallyhedliketoseemoretempo- raryworkersfromoutofprovince-likeminers - settle in the city on a more permanent basis. Thecityiseffectivelythegatekeeperandhas a monopoly on the land and in a lot of cases the developerswilllookatthepricetheywantforit andiftheydogoforitthatincreasestheircosts. Ithinkthatsthedriverbehindourridiculously high housing prices he said. Thats a huge problem. The city is actually starting to budget for these profits and so now if we really want to tacklethehighcostofhousingbylookingatthe amount of profit we make off land sales were goingtohavetofindthatrevenuesomeplaceelse and that would be increasing our property tax base or trying to negotiate more support from theterritorialgovernmentorhavingacloselook at what our expenses are. Theaccountantexpressedhisinterestinmak- ingtheYellowknifecitycouncilmoretranspar- entevengoingasfarastobringitundertheter- ritorial Freedom of Information Act. NORMAN WELLS Norman Wells Mayor Nathan Watson is running unopposed in his community. Elections in half-dozen NWT municipalities Oct. 19 THE NWT VOTES Monday Oct. 19 2015 is a big day for democracy in the Northwest Territories with both federal and municipal elections taking place in six of the NWTs municipalities Yellowknife Fort Smith Inuvik Fort Simpson Norman Wells and Hay River where voters will decide whether to borrow more than 20 million to renovate a recreation centre in addition to electing a mayor. The Journal spoke to the mayoral candidates in each race to provide some perspective before voting day. This should not be perceived as an endorsement of any individual candidate. Tuesday October 13 2015 9 Say it in 25 words or less for only 3.50 Extra words are 20 cents each. 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For more information visit or check out our Facebook page at Facebook.comNWTRightFromTheStart Brigitte Cockney Hay River Marilou Dela Cruz - Yellowknife Katrina Drybones Behchoko Brittanie Gladue Fort Smith Brenda Hotte-Joyce Yellowknife Jessica Kenny Deline Brittinee Lafferty Hay River Jessica Landry Yellowknife Teale MacIntosh Yellowknife Ariana Rabesca Behchoko Elizabeth Rowlandson Yellowknife Shaina Sabourin Fort Providence Jordan Shortt Yellowknife Ashley Squires-Rowe Hay River Vanita Zoe Behchoko By CRAIG GILBERT The spectre of universal child care in the Northwest Territories lurched out of the ether once more last week. OnOct.7InuvikBootLake MLA Alfred Moses chair of the standing committee on social programs lamented in the legislature that there has beensoverylittledebate on a feasibility study on univer- sal subsidized child care in theNWTsinceitwastabledin that very house June 4. ThereportpreparedbyUni- versityofTorontoscientistsfor theGNWTestimatesitwould take a 175 per-cent funding hikeorabout21millionmore everyyeartocreateauniversal affordablechildcareprogram similartoQuebecswherepar- ents pay 7 per day per child. Thatgovernmentcovers85 per cent of the cost of child care.Thestudyalsocompared systems in Denmark 80 per centNorway85percentand Sweden 95 per cent. Moses latched on to an- other number in the report 2007whichisthelasttimethe amount of money the GNWT transfers to agencies provid- ing child care was increased. EducationCultureandEm- ployment Minister Jackson Lafferty said the government isawareofthethecostfactor the ripple effects across the NorthwestTerritorieswhether it comes to infrastructure or theprogramaccessibilityand the contribution agreement adding the issue would be the 18th Assemblys to deal with. Moseswasnotsatisfiedwith thatanswernotingMLAshave been raising concerns with the contribution agreement onanumberofoccasionsand in almost every year of the assembly. Idliketoaskhimwillthat be reviewed and will an in- crease be forthcoming before the18thAssemblyheasked. Can the Minister as hes still Universal child care study deserves purposeful attention says MLA atAuroraCollegeasasolution includingalackoflocalteach- ersthelengthoftimestudents aretakingtocompletethepro- gram and the low number of graduates. Staff wanting to obtain an ECE diploma or degree must leave the NWT the report stated. This can be prohibi- tive particularly for those with children. In addition Teaching through teleconfer- ence has become the norm in a professional environment thatispoisedtodelivercourses through online training. Territory-wide in 2014 31 staff were working with chil- dreninlicenseddaycarepro- grams with no post-second- ary education an additional 33 staff were enrolled in ECE courses. Another 27 had ECE certificates15hadECEdiplo- mas three had ECE degrees and seven had a bachelors degree in education. So were working with the collegetoidentifythoseneeds inthecommunitiesLafferty said. Now were working with the college to make that happen. Aurora College president JaneArychuksaidthereare85 students working on an ECE certificate right now. She said theprogramworksforthestu- dentstheirfamiliesandtheir homecommunitiesintermsof both the rate of graduation four completed the program last year and the length of time it takes them since a large number of the students arealsoworkingfull-timeand supportingfamilies.Manyare upgrading because their em- ployer required them to. We had one graduate who took 15 years to complete the programandshewasjustasex- citedasifshehadtakenjustone yearArychuksaid.Werenot meeting the numbers needed but are providing ECE educa- tion in a number of different ways to the NWT public. in his role as Minister of Edu- cation Culture and Employ- mentnowseeitinadocument to make those changesbefore the18thAssemblyHestillhas that option. Moses also pushed for the childcaretaxbenefittobemore closelyalignedwiththeactual cost of daycare so more single parentshavetheoptiontoenter the workforce. Atthehighendofthestudys estimates the government would reap as much as 2 million in income taxes from the more than 700 parents who would be able to enter theworkforceiftheycouldaf- ford child care representing an increase of seven per cent oraboutaquarter-billiondol- larstotheNWTsGDP.There is also the implied benefit of Lafferty said that benefit program is a work in progress thathasroomforimprovement. Whenitcomestothechild- carebenefitsversusthedaycare the subsidy that we currently provide it has been work ed over a number of years he said.Theresalwaysroomfor improvementaswell.Theseare discussions that obviously we needtohavewiththechildcare operators with the organiza- tionsthatweworkwithacross the Northwest Territories. Thefeasibilitystudyincluded interviewswith160parentsof children aged 0-11 in licenced or unlicenced care. Earlychildhoodeducation andcareECECisassociated withawiderangeofbenefits thereportreads.ECECisajob creator in its own right while supportingparentsastheywork or upgrade their skills. It pro- vides a means of welcoming new immigrant and minority familiesasitoffersopportuni- tiesforinclusionandbyidenti- fyingproblemsandintervening early ECEC decreases special education costs. fewer people on social assis- tance as research has shown areductioninthecostofchild care can have a large effect on welfare participation. This has implications for the NWT as there were 493 individualswithchildrenages four years and younger on income assistance in 2013 2014 the report states. The provision of universal child care in the NWT will signifi- cantlyreducethecostofchild care for these individuals and therefore it is predicted that there will be a decrease in the number of individu- als with children using social assistance. Inordertorealizethoseben- efits the number of child care professionalsintheNWTmay have to increase by as much as 100 per cent or about 250 positions to supervise the 7181415 licenced spaces thatwouldneedtobecreated increasing the total stock by between 56 and 111 per cent. The study cites challenges with using the one-year early childhoodcertificateprogram PhotoDonJaque Were not meeting the numbers needed but we are providing ECE education in a number of ways to the NWT public. Jane Arychuk Aurora College Contact Cascade Graphics at 867 872-3000 or 207 McDougal Rd Fort Smith NT We offer a range of custom design services You name it well print it A study into universal child care in the NWT would give parents like those of this Aboriginal Head Start graduating class the ability to re-enter the workforce without it costing them an arm and a leg. Tuesday October 13 2015 11 POLITICS HOMELESSNESS By CRAIG GILBERT Hopes Haven is not the end of the rain- bow but it now covers more of the spectrum of homelessness among youth in Yellowknife. In June SideDoor Ministries added 12 tran- sitional housing spaces to the 10-bed emer- gency overnight shelter it had been running for for teens 16-19 years-old for the past de- cade. Building on the age limit increase to 24 the centre adopted when Iris Hamlyn became executive director the home now covers more of the housing spectrum for young people by offering around-the-clock shelter. Hamlyn said the increased age limit is why usage of the shelter seemed to skyrocket from 67 different individuals having accessed it at least once in 2013 to 119 last year. Hopes Haven is not the entire solution but aims to be a big part of it. This is transitional meant to bridge the gap between youth transitioning out of care which is our focus to youth independence Hamlyn said. Hopes Haven is one of the initiatives along the continuum of homeless- ness but its not the only thing were going to do.Thats really important to know theres the emergencysheltertherestransitionalhousing but our goal is permanent housing for youth. The supports at Hopes Haven include help with financial literacy learning how to cook and take care of their bedroom and learn- ing how to live with other people particularly with the on-site three-bedroom apartment. When youth get to a stage where theyre almost ready to move out the reality in Yel- lowknife especially is they will probably be renting with somebody else Hamlyn said. Were not emulating the real world if we just keep everyone separate. Issues related to youth homelessness have to be approached differently than they are with adults so the transitional housing comes with a voluntary support program geared to young people. Adhering to housing first principles the offer of shelter has no time limit but it is dependant on the young person setting goals and achieving them. Within the first two years of being touched by homelessness we can actually reverse the cycle of becoming entrenched in homeless- nessHamlynsaid.Thatsouremphasis.They do still have those options adult shelters but they choose to go to a youth facility. Hopes Haven does not set the goals but supports the youth in working toward them. So for example they want to work on their addictions Hamlyn explained. If they de- cide to go to addictions counselling then they decide to stop we realign and reassess and say are you discharging yourself from the program Largely because of the couch-surfing phe- nomenon homelessness among youth is difficult to quantify hard to track and per- ceived as less of a problem than it is. Oftentimespeoplesaytheresnoproblemwith youthhomelessnessbecausewedontseethem hangingoutatthepostofficeshesaid.Butthe youthareamongthehiddenhomelessorcouch surfers. I took on the mantra when presenting thattothecityandthefundersthatjustbecause youdontseeyouthhomelessnessdoesntmean its not happening in your community. Sinceopeningearlierthisyeartheshelterhas seen higher-than-expected interest from girls andyoungwomen.Thegreatestneedforhous- ing support is among 19-24 year-olds which is why the age limit was increased from 19 to 24 in 2014 but as the centres reputation for safety spread more females appeared. People couch surfing are more vulnerable to violence and exploitation than the gen- eral population. Were getting an influx of females so weve had to shift from having the males on one floor and the females on another to having a coed facility Hamlyn said. Thats added to our security responsibilities having to pro- tect that but in the real world if they were not in our building and they were renting an apartment the reality is living next door to someone. So its a bit of a learning process. Yellowknife is one of two Canadian cities selected to help write a report expected in January for the Canadian Housing and Re- newal Associations Mobilizing Local Capac- ity to End Youth Homelessness Program. Were the only emergency shelter in two territories and this is the first time weve ever done transitional housing Hamlyn said. Its not just about massaging or reducing home- lessness but preventing and ending it. Teen shelter extends reach to citys hidden homeless Transitional housing for youth could be model for all territories By CRAIG GILBERT Yellowknife Mayor Mark Heyck has an on- the-ground kind of plan to get more people off the street that he hopes has enough mo- mentum to roll through this months mu- nicipal election. Heyck provided an update to the social ser- vices envelope of the GNWT cabinet includ- ing Deputy Premier Jackson Lafferty Health and Social Services Minister Glen Abernethy Minister responsible for municipal affairs and the Northwest Territories Housing Cor- poration Robert C. McLeod and Minister of Justice David Ramsay on Sept. 28. Heyck who is seeking reelection on Oct. 19 said he has been working on issues related to homelessness since his time as a councillor. He started doing groundwork on the idea of a focused task force with a finite deadline aimed at reducing homelessness in the city in earnest several months ago. The meeting was an opportunity to speak with the ministers and their senior staff about the concept I have been discussing for the last year or so. LastSeptemberBettyHousewhichprovides transitionalhousingforwomenwasreopened as Lynn Brooks Safe Place for Women and a year later almost to the day the opening of new transitional housing for teens and young adults at Hopes Haven run by Side Door Min- istries was celebrated with a ribbon-cutting see related story above. Still the need is incredibly great out there Heyck said. The resources unfortunately are not yet being put to truly addressing that. Anumberofpeopleequaltofivepercentofthe populationaccessedashelterbedinYellowknife in2009comparedto1.4percentinCalgary1.1 per cent in Toronto and 0.5 per cent in Halifax. The same 2011 report written for the Cana- dianHomelessnessResearchNetworkPressby thedirectorofresearchanddataattheCalgary HomelessFoundationNickFalvonotesthaton asummernightasmanyas50peoplearestay- ing in tent camps aroundoutside the city and as many as half of the 15 people in Yellowknife RCMPcustodyonanaveragenightwouldlikely otherwise be staying in an emergency shelter. Couch-surfing which is particularly preva- lentamongyoungerunder-housedpeoplealso makes tracking homelessness more difficult. Theresagrowingconcerninthecommunity that homeless mental health and addictions issues in Yellowknife are not only not getting better or even staying the same quite frankly theyre getting worse Heyck said. You have a lot of good people doing a lot of good work but what were doing doesnt seem to be work- ing as well as it should be. There are going to havetobesomedifficultconversationsIthink because part of this revolves around under- standing where weve failedbut Ithinktheres a willingness right now amongst people who are working on these issues to come together to finally make some progress. He said the effort needs at once to be more focusedwithaspecifictimeframeandmoreho- listicwithanapproachthatconsidersissuesre- latedtohousingmentalhealthandaddictions. If the right solution can be found it could be more about moving resources around than finding new money or waiting for whichever party wins the federal election to decide to chip in with their first budget. The drain on resources is already enormous Heyck said considering the cost to the justice system in- cluding the RCMP and the citys fire depart- ment which runs the ambulance service. Yellowknifes downtown homeless popula- tion accounts for the majority of the ER vis- its to Stantonand most of those visits stem from drug or alcohol problems according to Dr. David Pontin an emergency room physi- cian at Stanton Territorial Hospital. One of the challenges Ive seen with the othercoalitionsworkingontheseissuesisthat they tend to go on forever essentially Heyck said. If this concept were to proceed it would be on a very strict time limit say 150 days at which time it would be expected to produce a report with recommendations that would go back to various governments and agencies. McLeodsaidtheissueismulti-facetedandaf- fects a number of services looked after by other ministries particularly Health. Its a cross-departmental issue and we all have to be on the same page on this one and I think everyone is. McLeod is also responsible for the NWT HousingCorporationwhichrunsallaffordable housing programs in the NWT and manages about 2400 public housing units through 23 local housing organizations LHOs. That or- ganizations major concern is the constant re- ductioninfundingfromtheCanadaMortgage andHousingCorporationwhichwasabout25 millionin2011-12andwilldroptozeroby2038. We felt the pressure right away because were a smaller jurisdiction he said. A larger jurisdiction like Ontario or Quebec theyre starting to feel the pressure right now. Weve been trying to engage the federal government to see if there is some way we can keep that CMHC money going to help with the social housing. We are challenged in that regard but were working our way through it. With a municipal vote on Oct. 19 creating the task force quickly becomes the project of the next mayor. Heyck has one challenger John Himmelman and told the Journal he intends to implement the idea if re-elected and would be willing to help even if he doesnt win a second term. One of the beautiful things about Yellow- knife and the North in general is that were small enough that we should be able to come togethertofindsolutionshesaid.Morethan anythingitsabouthelpingthoseinourcitywho are most vulnerable who are truly suffering on a day-to-day basis because were not doing things as effectively orefficiently as we could. Yellowknife mayor pushes 150-day homelessness plan POLITICS HOMELESSNESS PhotoMicheleTaylor SideDoor Ministries opened Hopes Haven transitional housing for youth in downtown Yellowknife earlier this year. They celebrated a grand opening at the end of September. NORTHERNERS IN MEMORIAM 12 Tuesday October 13 2015 6.8103 in x 6.3125 in By DALI CARMICHAEL William Mercredi rarely used Facebook or any other social media but following his pass- ing online forums were alight with tributes and kind words about the Fort Smith elder. Ive been getting stories and condolences from all sorts of people said David Poitras Mercredis brother-in-law. On Oct. 4 witnesses discovered Mercredi deceased near the Fort Smith baseball dia- mond a place he frequented. He was 67. We grew up there and I think he missed my parents said Martha. He used to say I miss mama and papa. I think he just wanted to be close to them. MercrediamanofChipewyandescentwas the youngest of 17 siblings. As a young lad he wasknownforhisathleticismandgoodnature. He and my brother Matthew they used to run out to the dump and back sometimes twice a day Martha said. David said the run was about a 10-mile distance each way. As a teenager Willie learned how to spar like the pros taking part in an initiative run by the territory to train young boxers. To nd him one just had to look to the old re hall or in his living room where other young ath- letes would collect to train together. It was something they were really push- ing back in the day David said. During a brief period of incarceration Mer- credi was pulled from the Yellowknife Correc- tionalInstitutiontorepresenttheterritoryatthe rst-everArcticWinterGamesin1970.Hetook homethegoldmedalforthe132lb.weightclass earning him the nickname Golden Gloves. William Mercredi remembered as friend athlete His reputation as a boxer helped him make friends and perhaps a little extra cash when he joined the Navy and worked out of British Columbia in his early 20s. Upon his return to Fort Smith Mercredi used his boxing skills to connect with youth of the community running lessons out of Uncle Gabes Friendship Centre when his nephews were of ghting age. Following his Navy career Mercredi began to drink heavily and often Martha said. She never knew why. He said he was going to stay sober for seven yearsandhedidsaidMatthewPoitrasMercre- disnephew.Idontknowwhythatwashisgoal but he did it. Then when he was in Yellowknife onetimehesaidhehadonebeerandthatwasit. When Mercredi was off the wagon his fam- ily and friends were often there to help out often giving him a bed to sleep in or taking him to the shelter in town. He really had nine lives Martha said. In return for their kindness he would tell a story or pay a compliment. He had a disease David said. He was one of those cases where you have to sepa- rate the disease from the person. He really was a wonderful man. A friend to anyone Mercredi is remembered by many in the community as someone who was funny kind and a friend to anyone. Poitras shared one particularly touching story with the Journal from an employee at the Northern Lights Special Care Home where he lived for the last few years of his life. It took place before he moved in. Every so often Mercredi would visit this employee out the back door of the kitchen. After gently rapping on the door and ash- ing a quick smile he would be fed sandwiches along with nurturing sides of fresh fruit and whatever snacks were on the menu. One day he entered through the front of the building startling a new employee and causing them to call the police. He quickly retreated to his usual entrance but it was too late police were already at the building. AsMercrediwasabouttobecarriedawaythe employee from the kitchen stopped the police ofcersandexplainedherfriendshipwithhim. The ofcer familiar with Mercredi re- plied that not only would he take him to his favourite park near the towns baseball dia- mond but he would join the elderly fellow for lunch - if she would be so kind as to pack a second sandwich. They took really good care of him at North- ern Lights Martha said. They really care for him over there. PhotocourtesyofMarthaPoitras Former Gold Glove boxer William Mercredi was found deceased in Fort Smith last week.